There are several Safety Laws in India which protects the Occupational Health and Safety of workers in different sectors. The federal Safety system  consists of both central & state level laws. The Central bodies like Directorate General of Factory Advice Service & Labour Institutes (DGFASLI) is functioning like a guide for updating & enforcement of Laws related to Occupational Health & Safety. The none profit government National societies like National Safety Council is functioning for awareness of people in the same context.  

These Safety Laws in India are basically for establishment of better Safety Management system in various sectors. Without which, it’s difficult to even think of about a long run business. 

When there were no Laws to protect rights of workers, then workers were being mistreated by employers and there are lots of evidences regarding deployment of bonded labours in different sectors of different countries. 

There are several Safety Laws in India, which are constituted for being applicable to all private & govt sectors throughout India. Employers are primarily responsible for implementation of such Safety law to their vicinity. 

And there are different Central & State level authorities to execute the implementation.  There are provision under such law to penalize or take legal action against the employer in case of any violation.  

On behalf of Global EHS Forum, we have identified few important Laws which every Employer & HSE or HR professionals must know. 

Safety Laws in India: –

1) Factories Act 1948

2) Mines Act 1952

3) Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act 1986

4) Building & Other Construction Workers’ Act 1996

5) Child & Adolescent Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act 1986

6) Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act 1970

7) Employees Compensation Act 1923

8) Gas Cylinder Rules 2004

9) Central Motor Vehicle Rules 1989

10) Indian Electricity Act 2003

11) Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution Act 1981

12) Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution Act 1974