These Safety Laws in India are basically for establishment of better Safety Management system in various sectors. Without which, it’s difficult to even think of about a long run business.
When there were no Laws to protect rights of workers, then workers were being mistreated by employers and there are lots of evidences regarding deployment of bonded labours in different sectors of different countries.
There are several Safety Laws in India, which are constituted for being applicable to all private & govt sectors throughout India. Employers are primarily responsible for implementation of such Safety law to their vicinity.
And there are different Central & State level authorities to execute the implementation. There are provision under such law to penalize or take legal action against the employer in case of any violation.